First Aide

Emergency Medical Kit
Various sizes of syringes from 1cc to 12cc
Including an irrigation syringe (curved tip)
Thermometers (digital and standard, rectal)
Sterile gauze in all sizes (rolls and pads)
Medical tape
Horse wrap (vet wrap—comes in colors is self adhesive)
Pop cycle sticks or splints of various sizes. (wood, newspapers/magazines)
Rubbing Alcohol
Hydrogen peroxide
Neosporin
Betadine
Vaseline (or KY jelly)
Tweezers
Scalpel
Scissors
Cotton balls
Eye dropper
Visine or natural tears/opthamalic ointment for dry eyes
Paper towels/clean linen
Duct tape or masking tape
Q-tips
Styptic pencil or sterile powder
Hemostat
Suture needles and sutures
Ringers lactate 5%
Sub Q butterfly Needle
Sterile saline
Epsom salts
Oxygen
Hot /cold packs
Electric clippers
Muzzles both types (just covering the mouth and mouth and eye cover type)
Elizabethan Collar

Oral Medicines to have on hand
Epinephrine
Tums
Peroxide or SYRUP of Ipecac
Charcoal
Dramamine or Benadryl
Anti diarrhea medicine.
Broad Spectrum antibiotics

CPR

There are many Types of accidents and injuries that will require CPR to attempt to save the life of your cat. Basically CPR is administered if breathing and/or the heart has stopped.

The first steps before administrating CPR is to determine if the cat is breathing and if there is a heartbeat.

Look very closely at the cat’s ribs to see if there is a rise and fall indicating breathing. You can also feel for breath with your face. If the cat is not breathing, you will need to administer artificial breathing.

To determine if there is a heartbeat, feel for the femoral artery (located in the groin) or feel for the heartbeat on the lower left side of the ribcage, (below the elbow).

Artificial Breathing

If the cat is not breathing lay the cat down on its right side.
Open mouth and clear secretions with finger or infant suction bulb.
Check for foreign objects and if found remove.
Pull the tongue forward and close the mouth.
Place your mouth over the cat’s nose.
Blow GENTILY into the nose. (you should note a rise in the chest)
Remove your mouth from the nose. (you should note a fall in the chest).
Should the chest not rise try blowing a bit more forcefully. (if necessary seal the lips with your hand).
You should continue this at the rate of 1 breath every 4-5 seconds (12-15x per minute) or until the cat is breathing on its own or the heart stops.

Combined Artificial Breathing and Heart Massage

If the cat has no heartbeat
Start Artificial Breathing as ascribed above
Place your fingers and thumb on either side of sternum (just behind the elbows).
Fingers should be on the right side of the sternum and thumb on the left.
Firmly compress the chest 6 x, administer Artificial Breathing, repeat chest compressions, and so forth. You should have approx. 80-120 chest compressions per minute.
Continue until cat is breathing and the heartbeat has resumed on its own, or no heartbeat is felt for over 30 mins.

Helpful Hints

One person can do CPR, but it is easier and more effective if there are two people participating.

If at all possible do not stop compression during artificial breathing

Pause every 2-3 mins to check for pulse and breathing—being as brief as possible.


Restraining Techniques

There are many ways to restrain a cat for treatment, depending upon whether the cat is cooperative or not, whether you have a helper or not, and the type of treatment required.
It is always easier to have two or more people help in restraining a frightened and injured cat.

1.Muzzles
2.Towel or blanket restraint. (wrap cat in towel or blanket exposing only area necessary for treatment—easier with two people)
3.Cat bag (allows access to one leg at a time and or head also best if used with two people)
4.Squeeze cage for uncooperative cats, may not allow good access and can cause further injury.
5.Leash loop technique (loop a leash around neck and ONE leg. Requires two people, one neck and leg are looped, one person keeps the leash taunt while the other person holds the rear legs and administers treatment)
6.Stiff flat cardboard (cut four holes for legs to fit through, requires two people, place a leg in each hole, with one hand grab front legs and hold them together and with the other hand grasp hind legs and hold them together while the other person administers treatment.
7. Most of the rest of the restraining techniques are holding the cat down with one or more persons in such a fashion that if the cat is calm and cooperative very little restraint is required. If the cat is agitated and aggressive more force or restraint is required.
A. Scruffing the neck and pressing the cat firmly on a flat surface.
B. One person holds the forelegs in one had and the rearlegs in the other (the cat being on one side or the other) and with the arm that is holding the front legs apply pressure across the neck or chest which also keeps the cats head from reaching the person treating.
C. Any innovative way to physically restrain the cat from clawing or biting the helper and treater without injuring the cat or causing further damage to the cat.


Next Issue First Aide Part Two: Controlling Bleeding, Treating Skin Wounds (abrasions, lacerations and punctures) and Bandaging.

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